YES goes to town again, this time with LTE
By Edwin Yapp June 30, 2016
- Grand launch today of its next-gen network
- Key questions remain as to how LTE will impact its business
ANALYSIS: After about two years of an apparent self-imposed quiet period where it resisted bragging about having one of the most advanced wireless networks in the market, YTL Communications Sdn Bhd is finally taking the gloves off and launching its LTE (Long-Term Evolution) network today (June 30).
The grand launch, to take place in Kuala Lumpur this morning, will be officiated by Malaysia’s Minister of Communications and Multimedia Salleh Said Keruak, and is expected to attract a large crowd – all to hear company executives tout how great its newly launched all-IP (Internet Protocol), VoLTE-based (Voice-over-LTE) network will be.
YTL Communications (YTL Comms) chief executive officer Wing K. Lee has already spoken about the benefits of its all-IP network in an exclusive interview with Digital News Asia (DNA) founder Karamjit Singh.
We will hopefully know more about this service – mobile price plans, coverage details, and available speeds – later as the news breaks, but as YTL Comms’ comes into the limelight again, it’s important to put this event into its proper perspective.
YTL Comms became a wireless operator about six years ago, when the YTL International Power Bhd-backed company in 2010 spent about US$800 million to US$850 million to build a WiMAX (Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access) network in Malaysia.
Branded as the YES network and claiming to cover about 65% of the population using 1,500 base stations then, YTL Comms did not have a native voice network and only supported data connections.
For data users, the company launched several devices including a dongle, a home modem, and a WiFi hotspot device called the Huddle.
Meanwhile, voice calls were treated as packetised data and sent over the data network using a stodgy-looking Samsung-branded WiMAX-GSM hybrid phone (pic below) called Eclipse.
In the event that there was no WiMAX coverage, the phone purportedly switched over to normal GSM connections for voice calls via a SIM (subscriber identity module) card.
The phone was poorly conceived and was a flop, to say the least.
But the initial response to the YES network performance was generally positive, though days after the launch, it was still plagued with some problems. Some also felt that the pay-as-you-go package was expensive.
As months passed, the YES brand began to suffer further, with one disgruntled customer – now erstwhile DNA columnist Keith Rozario – blogging about three main issues he faced.
In later years, there was also a thread on the popular LowYat forums dedicated to complaints about the service or the company.
YTL Comms also struggled to build up its subscriber base. In September 2011, The Wall Street Journal reported that the company had 300,000 subscribers, and was aiming for 700,000 by the end of that year.
That target was beyond the company’s reach: A report by The Edge Weekly on June 25 this year noted that YES never gained mass market traction and has only about 500,000 users.
No surprise that over the past few years, YTL Comms’ public relations and marketing machinery scaled down drastically to a point that the company was hardly mentioned in the news.
But chief executive Wing (pic) argued that YTL Comms’ silence does not mean it has not been doing anything all these years.
“We did not publicise it and did not tell the world that we were building a network with LTE in mind,” he had told DNA, referring to the fact that over the last five-and-a-half years, YES has been offering its mobile broadband services over a WiMAX network that it had branded as 4G (Fourth Generation).
Just to be clear: WiMAX wasn’t a dud technology and in fact worked pretty well when deployed correctly.
However, its popularity has been affected by several factors, including a delay in the evolution of standards which would have supported mobility for WiMAX players.
WiMAX wasn’t built with mobility in mind and for the most part was what the industry called a fixed-mobile convergence play. This simply means that it was never meant to support voice calls moving from one cell to another, or data connections between different cells for that matter.
WiMAX also lacked a clear migration path as faster, more advanced technologies emerged. Today, it is all but dead.
The two flavours of LTE
It’s important to note that although YTL Comms is calling its new rollout an LTE network, there are differences between its service and what has already been long available from the likes of Maxis Bhd, Celcom Axiata Bhd, Digi.com Bhd and U Mobile Sdn Bhd.
Already, there have been comments made by consumers, and also reported by The Edge Weekly, that YTL Comm’ LTE isn’t quite compatible with some of the LTE smartphones in the market.
Put simply, you can’t simply buy any LTE-enabled phone and put in a YTL Comms LTE SIM into it, and just expect it to work.
So what is the difference?
The official development of LTE began in 2005 after Japanese operator NTT DoCoMo proposed a next-generation wireless standard that would seek to unify the somewhat fragmented wireless standards that were in existence then.
At the time, much of Europe and Asia was using GSM, while another competing standard called CDMA (Code Division Multiple Access) was also being pushed onto the market. CDMA was predominantly used in the United States (Verizon and Sprint), Canada (Bell and Telus), Japan (KDDI), South Korea (SK Telecom) and China (China Telecom).
As a result, the use of these two technical standards effectively fragmented the market and forced operators to either choose one or the other, resulting in the disruption of a truly global operating standard.
This also gave birth to an immensely fragmented device ecosystem, as devices from the GSM camp could not be used where CDMA networks were operating.
The goal of LTE was thus to unify these two competing standards and ensure that future wireless communications would have economies of scale in terms of both handsets and network infrastructure gear.
But LTE actually comes in two major variations: Frequency Division (FD-LTE) and Time Division LTE (TD-LTE).
FD-LTE uses a pair of frequency bands – one for transmission, the other for reception, hence the term ‘frequency division.’ TD-LTE uses the same frequency band for transmission and reception, but takes turns to do so at different times, thus the term ‘time division.’
While both technologies have similar technical specifications, FD-LTE is generally accepted as the technology that most GSM/ 3G cellular operators will migrate to, because their current 3G systems work primarily in frequency division mode.
Meanwhile, TD-LTE will be generally adopted by operators that come from non-GSM/ 3G backgrounds, which typically include WiMAX and CDMA operators.
In short, Maxis, Celcom, Digi and U Mobile use FD-LTE, while YTL Comms and Packet One Networks (Malaysia) Sdn Bhd, now rebranded as webe and a division of Telekom Malaysia, use TD-LTE.
The wireless landscape in Malaysia is truly entering a new era. But as YTL Comms awakens again to join the marketing and price wars in a very vibrant space, what does this all mean to the industry in general, its competitors, and the average user?
Here are some relevant questions that should be answered today, or in the days to come, hopefully:
- Now that TD-LTE is here, what becomes of its legacy WiMAX network? Would YTL Comms progressively shut down its WiMAX network? And if so, how does it plan to transition its WiMAX customers towards its new TD-LTE network?
- YTL Comms claims that its coverage today stands at 85% of the population compared with 65% six years ago. Is this a combined figure between WiMAX and TD-LTE or separate? How much is the coverage exactly for TD-LTE alone?
- Because it does not have a native voice network, its VoLTE network for voice is highly dependent on its coverage. Also YTL Comms’ TD-LTE service works at 2600MHz and at that frequency, in-building coverage will be poor. What happens to the voice calls when there is no coverage? Do they just drop away?
- YTL Comms officials have already announced that customers would be using Samsung J-Series phones for the launch. Is this the only smartphone that will support its TD-LTE network, and if so, would customers be happy with such a limited choice?
- What other handsets are in the pipeline and when does YTL Comms plan to bring them into the market?
- What about marquee phones such as Apple’s iPhone or other top Android smartphones from Huawei, LG, Samsung, Xiaomi and others? Would they be able to support TD-LTE and if so, when will this happen?
- What other added value would it give customers besides being competitively priced to ensure that customers switch over (churn) to YES?
- How long will YTL Comms take to make a profit, since breaking into the market? And how much more would it invest to expand its network? Would parent YTL Bhd’s telco involvement bear fruit to bring new revenue or continue to bleed it?
These are but a sample of some pertinent questions that YTL Comms must answer as it touts its all-IP network as the best thing since it came out with WiMAX six years ago.
5 years after launch, YES finally ready to compete on even footing
YTL Comms’ break-even target may be under threat
Will TD-LTE make a difference for YTL Comms?
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