Axiata sees sustained growth momentum in 1H22 but profits impacted by forex losses
By Digital News Asia August 27, 2022
- Pickup of revenue, good performance from OpCos, likely to exceed Headline KPIs
- Looks to finalising 5G commercial details with DNB so customers will benefit
Axiata Group Bhd recorded strong operational performance for the first half of the year ended June 30, 2022 (1H22) reflecting the solid fundamentals of its Operating Companies (OpCos) against a backdrop of inflationary pressures, higher interest rates, and forex losses stemming from the strengthening US dollar.
Axiata Chairman Shahril Ridza Ridzuan (pic) said, “For the first half of 2022, the Board is encouraged by the continued discipline and perseverance of the operating companies in executing the Group’s plans.”
On track to exceed Headline KPIs for 2022, the Group has also embarked on proactive measures to withstand immediate challenges from macroeconomic risks by recalibrating its operations for enhanced resilience and sustainable long-term growth.
On a reported basis, the Group’s Year-to-Date (YTD) revenue and Earnings Before Interest, Tax, Depreciation and Amortisation (EBITDA) increased by 5.8% and 7.4% respectively, mainly contributed by all OpCos except Dialog4 and Ncell5.
Profit After Tax and Minority Interest (PATAMI) slipped into a loss of US$33.35 million (RM149 million) largely due to unrealised forex losses from Dialog and Axiata due to the strengthening US dollar, higher taxes in the form of the one off Cukai Makmur in Malaysian entities and surcharge tax in Dialog and net finance cost.
On an underlying basis, revenue excluding device (ex-device) grew by 7.9%, whilst EBITDA grew 8.1% correspondingly, offset by higher taxes and net finance cost. EBITDA margin improved to 44.9% while EBIT expanded by 34.0%, trickling down to Underlying PATAMI which steadily grew by 37.5%.
The higher EBITDA contribution by all OpCos except Dialog and Ncell was also buoyed by the absence of accelerated depreciation of 3G assets in 2022, offsetting higher taxes and net finance cost.
Within the quarter, Axiata achieved cost excellence through capital expenditure and operational expenditure savings of US$86.84 million (RM388 million) and RM257 million, totaling RM645 million in savings.
[RM1 = US$0.224]
The Group’s balance sheet reflected its growth-fueled activities, with a Gross debt/EBIDTA of 3.03x, net debt/EBITDA of 2.48x and cash balance of RM6.6 billion.
Digital celcos performance
Celcom maintained its year-on-year growth momentum with revenue ex-device up by 4.2% YTD driven by prepaid revenue and positive contribution from new acquisitions in Celcom’s B2B business unit. EBITDA grew by 13.0% on the back of lower opex and debt recovery. EBIT and PATAMI improved >100% with PATAMI rising to RM542 million flowing through from higher EBIT, offset by higher taxes from Cukai Makmur.
XL’s revenue ex-device increased by 8.5% benefitting from reopening during Lebaran and positive momentum from price improvements. EBITDA lagged revenue growth due to higher opex to drive revenue, and consequently EBIT margin slid to 11.6% compounded by higher D&A. PATAMI dropped by 14.1% on account of lower one-off gains and higher net finance cost.
Robi’s revenue ex-device rose by 3.2% in tandem with higher data subscribers and usage. EBITDA and EBIT outpaced topline at 9.1% and 12.1% respectively. However, PATAMI dropped by 65.8% as a result of forex losses on USD-denominated loans and higher net finance cost.
Against a challenging socioeconomic climate, Dialog’s resilient topline was negated by forex losses due to depreciation of the Sri Lankan Rupee (LKR) against the dollar. Revenue ex-device increased by 20.3% YTD attributed to higher contributions across all segments. PATAMI dropped to a loss of LKR28.3 billion significantly impacted by forex losses, without which, PATAMI would have been LKR6.0 billion.
Ncell’s revenue ex-device slipped by 4.4% driven by lower core posting of 1.9% and due to lower domestic interconnect rate whereby voice had dropped 11.3% while data moderated the downturn with a growth of 17.6%. The resulting EBIT and PATAMI had declined by 18.8% and 24.1% respectively.
Smart continued its upward momentum as revenue ex-device rose by 6.5% YTD on the back of strong data growth of 11.7% from increased data subscribers and usage. EBITDA increased by 5.3% which was moderated by higher direct cost. In the meantime, PATAMI increased by 14.2% in view of one-off investment impairment of financial services in the past financial year.
Boost’s revenue increased by 11.9% YTD mainly attributed to Boost Credit. EBIT and PATAMI narrowed by 2.1% and 2.2% respectively. Despite this, operational metrics continued to be strong, as YTD gross transactional value grew by 26.8% to RM2.9 billion, while Boost Life users grew by 10.5% year-on-year and Malaysian merchant touchpoints grew by 43.1% to 505,000.
ADA sustained its revenue expansion with a 14.9% growth YTD, primarily driven by Customer Engagement, and eCommerce solutions which was bolstered by the acquisitions of Awake Asia in 2021 and SingPost's eCommerce unit in May 2022. EBITDA and PATAMI slid by 4.8% and 17.6% respectively due to higher opex and taxes.
edotco’s revenue rose by 23.7% YTD benefitting from the inorganic acquisition of Touch Mindscape in Malaysia and organic contribution, particularly in Bangladesh. Inorganic growth along with organic B2S rollout and colocation were similarly reflected in YTD EBITDA growth of 32.5% and YTD EBIT growth of 37.4%. PATAMI slid marginally by 7.8%, mainly caused by unrealised forex translation loss, higher net finance cost and tax expense from Cukai Makmur.
If excluding forex impact, PATAMI increased by 35.6% YTD.
Overview of the 1H22 by the Board and Executives
Chairman Shahril said, “For the first half of 2022, the Board is encouraged by the continued discipline and perseverance of the operating companies in executing the Group’s plans. I am pleased to report that Axiata’s future-proofing efforts are on track, including the Celcom-Digi merger, completion of Link Net acquisition and expansion of edotco’s tower portfolio. The Board has also been working closely with the leadership team to navigate the current environment to anchor the Group’s businesses against macroeconomic uncertainties and industry developments.”
“On 5G in Malaysia, we are closer to having a common alignment between the various stakeholders in the spirit of developing a sustainable ecosystem. Axiata looks forward to finalising access and commercial details with Digital Nasional Bhd so consumers and enterprises will benefit from next generation solutions as the nation accelerates digitally.”
“Axiata’s ESG commitments recorded further traction with the formalisation of its Board Sustainability Committee in April 2022 to strengthen and oversee ESG matters within the Group. Axiata’s Diversity, Equity and Inclusion (DEI) Framework covering four areas of Gender, Abilities, Generations and Ethnicities, was also launched during the quarter,” Shahril added.
Meanwhile Axiatas joint acting CEO Vivek Sood said, “With COVID-19 impacts clearly behind us, a majority of our operating companies have delivered solid operational results in the first half of 2022, mostly outperforming in their markets. With the improved operational performance, we are likely to exceed the headline KPIs for the year both in terms of revenue excluding device as well as EBIT growth.”
“Forex impact and macro headwinds especially in Sri Lanka, Bangladesh and Nepal had adversely impacted Group earnings. To stem the tide, our immediate focus will be directed towards integrating new acquisitions, managing USD liquidity and inflation especially in frontier markets and easing out the balance sheet stretch.”
Joint Acting CEO Dr Hans Wijayasuriya added, “In the medium-term, we are cognisant of risks such as increased energy costs, global chip supply shortages and higher interest rates. We are also keeping a close watch on the impact of M&A transactions specifically the timing of completion, impact to gross debt/EBITDA and delivery of synergies.”
“Moving forward, we are confident of the learnings that can be applied group wide from Project Resilience - a Collective Brain initiative being piloted to steady Dialog against intense headwinds and macroeconomic pressures.”
Aiming to aggressively adopt technology and analytics to enhance product, network and the service experience, Dr Hans stressed that ultimately, the goal is to enhance resilience and drive long-term value creation group-wide to benefit the customers and communities Axiata serves as a regional digital champion.
Related Stories :