Containers, convergence, cloud security, closets, crowd workers and coexistence
The six trends above will drive the IT industry agenda in the coming year
THE IT industry agenda in 2015 will be dominated by containers, convergence, cloud security, closets, crowd workers and coexistence, according to New York-based IT research and advisory company 451 Research.
These ‘6Cs of 2015’ represent just a few of the disruptive trends, the company said in a statement. They are (click infographic to enlarge):
There is an explosion of activity around Docker and containerisation, leading 451 Research analysts to anticipate disruption in IT departments in 2015 as they start to use Docker.
While containerisation technology has existed for years, Docker is a more modern, lightweight form that is widely viewed as a next-generation virtualisation technology.
451 Research analysts believe Docker will be adopted by large enterprises to work alongside, as well as replace, traditional VMs (virtual machines) because of its management and efficiency advantages.
Docker has not yet achieved parity with traditional VMs in some critical areas, including orchestration and security, and a large number of vendors are rapidly addressing this.
One of the most hotly debated areas in IT is the evolution of integrated platforms. Hyper-convergence has exploded, and we will see the first signs of meaningful adoption in 2015, 451 Research said.
Enterprises are tempted by the promise of improved efficiencies from integrating compute, storage and networking, while vendors are attracted by the potential to differentiate product offerings in the face of commodification.
The larger questions are whether either of these expectations can be realised and what the move to new product categories means for the IT marketplace.
What we know for certain is that in 2015, vendors will have to change their approach to product delivery and their partner ecosystems, and customers will have to adjust their operations to gain the benefits of convergence, the company said.
3) Cloud security
Security spending is up again. In 2015, mergers and acquisitions, IPOs (initial public offerings), venture capital and private equity funding will continue at or near record levels.
This is good news for the industry, but the underlying causes are not something to cheer about, 451 Research said.
Security is in large part reactive: New tools emerge as new IT architectures evolve. The growth in IT and mobility means that security will follow suit, roughly two years behind.
Not only are new products coming along to match IT developments and widespread vulnerabilities, but they’re also all claiming to be complementary to the existing security. This will cause enterprises to pile on more layers in the coming year.
Demand for data and processing continues exponentially. But as the debate about Net Neutrality demonstrates, there are many technical and commercial constraints involved in accessing or delivering data over wide-area and public networks.
Part of the solution may lie with the micromodular data centre – the next generation of server closet.
These small data centres bring processing and storage near the point of use and are delivered as complete, self-contained products. Micromodular datacentres include IT capability (processing, storage and connectivity) coupled with the supporting infrastructure such as uninterruptible power, cooling, fire suppression, security, a complete management system and a hardened shell.
They can currently support up to 50kW of IT load and can be configured to support specialist local loads for DevOps, Internet of Things connectivity or HPC (high-performance computing).
451 Research expects micromodular data centres to emerge as an important execution venue and an outer ‘edge’ tier in the data centre hierarchy.
5) Crowd workers
The structure of the workforce and the way people work is changing at a faster pace than companies’ abilities to effectively manage that change. Human resources systems that were conceived in the 1990s are showing their age because they were not designed to deal with the multiplicity of working structures that are emerging.
In 2015, 451 Research anticipates this disconnect will increase as workers become disassociated with the firms that employ them, whether this be through increased mobility, remote working practices or the use of outsourced, freelance or crowd workers.
This is impacting processes such as on-boarding and off-boarding, corporate communications, and time and task tracking.
The data management landscape is changing. Gone are the days when IT ruled data, metering it out to data scientists and analysts for reporting and analysis projects.
The rise of self-service data-preparation tools from a crop of startups is putting data management directly into the hands of analysts.
As 2015 progresses, the number of DIY (do-it-yourself) offerings for importing, cleansing, mapping, combining and transforming datasets will grow.
Analysts will adopt them – as will data-savvy marketers and sales personnel – building on their familiarity with the self-service discovery and visual-analysis tools, which first untethered them from dependence on the IT department for data.
451 Research believes that self-service data preparation and harmonisation will complement and coexist with IT’s traditional data management tools, which will continue to address critical issues around data security, compliance and governance.
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