Deception and trust among Gartner’s top 10 infosec technologies
By Digital News Asia June 17, 2016
- Some enterprises will actively participate in deception ops against attackers
- New security models must emerge to provision and manage trust at scale
AT its Security & Risk Management Summit being held in India, Gartner Inc has highlighted the top 10 technologies for information security and their implications for security organisations in 2016.
“Information security teams and infrastructure must adapt to support emerging digital business requirements, and simultaneously deal with the increasingly advanced threat environment,” said Neil MacDonald, vice president, distinguished analyst and Gartner Fellow Emeritus.
“Security and risk leaders need to fully engage with the latest technology trends if they are to define, achieve, and maintain effective security and risk management programmes that simultaneously enable digital business opportunities and manage risk,” he added.
The top 10 technologies for information security are:
1) Cloud access security brokers
Cloud access security brokers (CASBs) provide information security professionals with a critical control point for the secure and compliant use of cloud services across multiple cloud providers, Gartner said.
Many Software-as-a-Service (SaaS) apps have limited visibility and control options; however, SaaS adoption is becoming pervasive in enterprises, which exacerbates the frustration of security teams looking for visibility and control.
CASB solutions fill many of the gaps in individual cloud services, and allow chief information security officers (CISOs) to do it simultaneously across a growing set of cloud services, including Infrastructure-as-a-Service (IaaS) and Platform-as-a-Service (PaaS) providers.
As such, CASBs address a critical CISO requirement to set policy, monitor behaviour and manage risk across the entire set of enterprise cloud services being consumed, the analyst firm said.
2) Endpoint detection and response
The market for endpoint detection and response (EDR) solutions is expanding quickly in response to the need for more effective endpoint protection and the emerging imperative to detect potential breaches and react faster.
EDR tools typically record numerous endpoint and network events, and store this information either locally on the endpoint or in a centralised database.
Databases of known indicators of compromise (IOCs), behaviour analytics and machine-learning techniques are then used to continuously search the data for the early identification of breaches (including insider threats), and to rapidly respond to those attacks.
3) Non-signature approaches for endpoint prevention
Purely signature-based approaches for malware prevention are ineffective against advanced and targeted attacks, said Gartner.
Multiple techniques are emerging that augment traditional signature-based approaches, including memory protection and exploit prevention that prevent the common ways that malware gets onto systems, and machine learning-based malware prevention using mathematical models as an alternative to signatures for malware identification and blocking.
4) User and entity behavioural analytics
User and entity behavioural analytics (UEBA) enables broad-scope security analytics, much like security information and event management (SIEM) enables broad-scope security monitoring.
UEBA provides user-centric analytics around user behaviour, but also around other entities such as endpoints, networks and applications, Gartner said.
The correlation of the analyses across various entities makes the analytics' results more accurate and threat detection more effective, it added.
5) Microsegmentation and flow visibility
Once attackers have gained a foothold in enterprise systems, they typically can unimpededly move laterally (east-west) to other systems.
To address this, there is an emerging requirement for ‘microsegmentation’ (more granular segmentation) of east-west traffic in enterprise networks.
[East-west traffic is server-to-server data traffic; north-south traffic is traffic from a client device to a server, or from the network core to the enduser. – ED]
In addition, several of the solutions provide visibility and monitoring of the communication flows, said Gartner. Visualisation tools enable operations and security administrators to understand flow patterns, set segmentation policies, and monitor for deviations.
Finally, several vendors offer optional encryption of the network traffic (typically, point-to-point IPsec tunnels) between workloads for the protection of data in motion, and provide cryptographic isolation between workloads.
6) Security testing for DevOps (DevSecOps)
Security needs to become an integral part of DevOps style workflows: Or DevSecOps.
DevSecOps operating models are emerging that use scripts, ‘recipes,’ blueprints and templates to drive the underlying configuration of security infrastructure – including security policies such as application testing during development or network connectivity at runtime.
In addition, several solutions perform automatic security scanning for vulnerabilities during the development process looking for known vulnerabilities before the system is released into production.
Whether security is driven from models, blueprints, templates or toolchains, the concept and the desired outcome are the same: An automated, transparent and compliant configuration of the underlying security infrastructure based on policy reflecting the currently deployed state of the workloads.
7) Intelligence-driven security operations centre orchestration solutions
An intelligence-driven security operations centre (SOC) goes beyond preventative technologies and the perimeter, and events-based monitoring.
An intelligence-driven SOC has to be built for intelligence, and used to inform every aspect of security operations, Gartner argued.
To meet the challenges of the new ‘detection and response’ paradigm, an intelligence-driven SOC also needs to move beyond traditional defences, with an adaptive architecture and context-aware components.
To support these required changes in information security programmes, the traditional SOC must evolve to become the intelligence-driven SOC (ISOC) with automation and orchestration of SOC processes being a key enabler.
8) Remote browser
Most attacks start by targeting endusers with malware delivered via email, URLs, or malicious websites.
An emerging approach to address this risk is to remotely present the browser session from a ‘browser server’ (typically Linux-based) running on-premises or delivered as a cloud-based service.
By isolating the browsing function from the rest of the endpoint and corporate network, malware is kept off of the enduser’s system and the enterprise has significantly reduced the surface area for attack by shifting the risk of attack to the server sessions, which can be reset to a known good state on every new browsing session, tab opened or URL accessed.
Deception technologies are defined by the use of deceits and/ or tricks designed to thwart, or throw off, an attacker's cognitive processes, disrupt an attacker's automation tools, delay an attacker's activities, or disrupt breach progression.
For example, deception capabilities create fake vulnerabilities, systems, shares and cookies. If an attacker tries to attack these fake resources, it is a strong indicator that an attack is in progress, as a legitimate user should not see or try to access these resources.
Deception technologies are emerging for network, application, endpoint and data, with the best systems combing multiple techniques.
Gartner predicts that by 2018, 10% of enterprises will use deception tools and tactics, and actively participate in deception operations against attackers.
10) Pervasive trust services
As enterprise security departments are asked to extend their protection capabilities to operational technology and the Internet of Things, new security models must emerge to provision and manage trust at scale.
Trust services are designed to scale and support the needs of billions of devices, many with limited processing capability.
Enterprises looking for larger-scale, distributed trust or consensus-based services should focus on trust services that include secure provisioning, data integrity, confidentiality, device identity and authentication.
Some leading-edge approaches use distributed trust and blockchain-like architectures to manage distributed trust and data integrity at a large scale.
More detailed analysis on the security industry is available in the Gartner Special Report Cybersecurity at the Speed of Digital Business, a collection of research that addresses the new reality where IT organisations have little direct infrastructure and their biggest security concerns will come from services outside their control.
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